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Bahan Presentasi

RENCANA PEMBELAJARAN SEMESTER :

BAHAN PRESENTASI:

  1. Highlights, General Rules, Vocabulary Builder
  2. Word Choice & Form For TOEIC Test
  3. Who And What In Passive
  4. Questions About The Ideas Of The Passage
  5. Subject And Verb
  6. Present Participles
  7. TOEFL Grammar Test
  8. Listeing Part C
  9. Long Talk Listening In Paper
  10. Reading TOEFL
  11. Either Neither And Conditional
  12. Problem With Subjuncitive
  13. Review Listening
  14. Unstated Meaning

BAHAN PENGAYAAN:

  1. Blog Dosen 1
  2. Blog Dosen 2
  3. Blog Dosen 3

DAFTAR PUSTAKA:

  1. Buku 1
  2. Buku 2
  3. Buku 3

PENILAIAN:

  1. Kehadiran 20%
  2. Tugas 10%
  3. UTS 30%
  4. UAS 40%

DOSEN PENGAMPU :

  1. 7164 – Alfian
  2. 6616 – Linda Purnamasari
  3. 7148 – Andi Youna C. Bachtiar
  4. 7218 – Noni Agustina
  5. 7254 – Nuryansyah Adijaya
  6. 7338 – Prayogo Hadi Sulistio
  7. 7342 – Rika Mutiara

materi online 2

CAUSATIVES AND PREFERENCES

By Nargis Tan

CAUSATIVES

Generalizations : causatives are main verbs that cause people or machines to do things to change.

Use of Make/get /have   Get (menyuruh seseorang/ mesin untuk melakukan                                                               pekerjaan)

S     +        Have         +       O         +         V3

Get                 (benda)

S         +   Have         +       O       +         V1

Get           +   O (orang) + To V1

Perhatikan pola make/get/have

Jika setelah make/get/have diikuti oleh object benda maka diikuti oleh verb 3 ( passive form).

Nora got her mother’s wedding dress altered so it fit perfectly

Something                         Verb3

Apabila setelah make/get/have diikuti oleh orang maka diikuti oleh verb 1 baik menggunakan “to”( setelah Get ) atau tanpa “to” ( setelah Have dan make)

 

They are listed below in order of the most forceful to the least forceful

  1. Make

The person causes it to happen by forcing another person to do it.

     S     +           make         +       O         +         V3

I made this machine worked

I can’t seem make this dishwasher run                             

S         +   make         +       O       +         V1

The lecturer made the college students do the task

The mother makes the baby take a nap.

  1. Get

Get has less force and authority than make

S     +   GET       +       SOMEONE     +     TO     V1

My brother gets the barber to cut his hair.

I get my servant to wash my clothes              

S         +   GET     +     SOMETHING     +   V3

I will get my car repaired.

Where will you get your hair cut ?

  1. Have

Have has even less force and authority than get

S     +   HAVE       +       SOMEONE     +         V1

           she has her sister do the housework.

             I have my best friend buy lunch.            

           S         +   HAVE     +     SOMETHING     +   V3

          Have you had your temperature taken ?          

           I’ll have my watch ( repair   ;   repaired )

The teacher always has the student ( study ; studied ) hard for the exam.

 

PREFERENCES

There are different ways we can ask about preferences( pilihan). To ask about people’s general tastes or preferences we can use one of the following. They all have the same meaning:

We can use “prefer”; “like….better than”; “would rather”

  1. Would Prefer (Prefer)

 

Prefer  / would prefer means “to like or want someone or something more than someone or something else”

We choose one thing between different options. We can use “prefer” in 3 different forms.

 

Forms and Usage

 

Prefer something to something else

I prefer football to basketball.

I would prefer city to country.

She prefers tea to coffee. She would prefer tea to coffee.

Which do you prefer tea or coffee?

I prefer tea to coffee.

Imagine that a friend is visiting your home. You offer to make them a drink. You ask:

 Would you prefer tea or coffee?

Tea, please.

 

 

Prefer to do something rather than do something else

I’d prefer to drink tea rather than drink coffee.

Tom prefers to stay at home rather than go to the cinema tonight.

They prefer to drive rather than go by bus.

Which do you prefer to drink tea or coffee?  (Notice: prefer to + present simple)

I prefer to drink tea than coffee.

 

 

Prefer doing something to doing something else

I prefer drinking tea to drinking coffee.

We prefer jogging to running.

They prefer driving to going by bus.

Which do you prefer drinking tea or coffee?

I prefer drinking tea to coffee.

 

 

  1. LIKE

Like something better than something else

The boys like basketball better than football

My family and I like beach better than park

 

Like doing something better than something else

My father likes watching TV better than reading newspaper.

My mother likes going to the mall better than staying at home at weekend.

His brother likes operating computer better than doing his homework.

He likes basketball batter than football.

Catatan: Untuk kalimat dengan subject tunggal maka kata like ditambah dengan -s.

 

 

  1. WOULD RATHER

 

Would Rather do something than do something else

 S + would rather + V1 + than + V1

They would rather take the chance than ignore it.

I would rather save the money than spend it.

Rudy would rather  phone me than sends SMS.

He would rather leave than stays in this room.

Many teenagers would rather enjoy surfing on the internet than listen to the radio.

The police would rather arrest the robber than set him free.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • would rather + bare infinitive + than
  • I’d rather work in an office than outdoors.
  • prefer + gerund (verb ing ) + to + gerund
  • I prefer going to a job interview to writing my CV.
  • prefer + to + infinitive + rather than + bare infinitive
  • I prefer to go to a job interview rather than write my CV.
  • Like +Gerund +better than +gerund
  • I like listening to the songs better than attending the musical concert.

 

 

 

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NOUN AND PROUN IN READING COMPREHENSION

By Nargis. Tan

Pronoun and noun referrent

It’s the easiest question in TOEFL reading Comprehension.

Because you have to read the sentences before noun or pronoun.

Remember the correct answer is not always the closest noun to the pronoun..pay attention to the part of speech (verb, noun as subject or object )

You can find the logical answer.

In the reading comprehension section of the TOEFL test, you will sometimes be asked to determine which noun a pronoun refers to. In this type of question it is important to understand that a noun is generally used first in a passage, and the pronoun that refers to it comes after. whenever you are asked which noun a pronoun refers to, you should look before the pronoun to find the noun.

 

HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION

The pronoun … in line x refers to which of the following?

WHERE TO FIND THE ANSWER

The line where the pronoun is located is generally given in the question. the noun that the pronoun refers to is generally found before the pronoun.

 

HOW TO ANSWER THE QUESTION

.- Find the pronoun in the passage. (the line where the pronoun can be is generally stated in the question).
2.- look for nouns that come before the pronoun.
3.- read the part of the passage before the pronoun carefully.
4.- eliminate any definitely wrong answers and choose the best answer from the remaining choices.

SAMPLE QUESTION

  • Major League Baseball (MLB) has strict rules about the kinds of ball and bat that can be used in a game. The ball has to have an outer layer of stitched cowhide or horsehide. Its innermost layer is a sphere of bouncy material like cork or rubber. This inner core is wrapped in yarn before it gets its outermost layer of hide.
  • What does the pronoun it in the last sentences of the passage refer to?
  • a) ball
  • b) layer
  • c) core
  1. d) yarn

 

Look again at the pronoun it in the passage. It is the subject of the verb gets, which has as its direct object its outermost layer of hide.

Also, look at the singular nouns that come before the underlined it. Usually, the referent for a pronoun appears somewhere before the pronoun. In this passage, looking before the underlined it, the closest singular-noun referents are core and yarn. The noun ball is very far away. Ask yourself: “What is wrapped in yarn before it gets its outermost layer?” That will lead you to core.

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